Yambol remains among the districts with a low level of economic development. Both GDP per capita and salary levels have remained significantly below the national average, but in 2018 they underwent rapid improvement. Unemployment rates remained more than twice as high as the national average, and employment shrank. Low economic activity inevitably leads to very high levels of poverty and material deprivation. FDI has remained quite low, but on the other hand the district has been doing relatively well in the utilization of European funds. Yambol has a well-developed road network, but almost no railroads. Despite some increases in 2020, local taxes in Yambol district remain low, and the assessment of the municipalities’ administrative capacity has also been improving.

The district has markedly negative and steadily deteriorating demographic indicators and accelerating population ageing. Despite the gradually improving results in the matriculation exams, school education continues to face problems with student retention. Characteristic of Yambol district’s healthcare is the most difficult access to specialist physicians in the country and alarmingly high infant mortality. Due to the low workloads, the judiciary is relatively efficient and crime rates are following a declining trend. The population in the district generates relatively little waste, but the problems with access to wastewater treatment plants are still serious. Theaters are the most popular form of cultural life.

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