Silistra

Silistra is the district with the lowest GDP per capita in Bulgaria and is also among the districts with lowest salaries and household incomes. Yet, poverty is not very high, while the share of households living in material deprivation is much lower than the national average rate. Unemployment has halved within the last 5 years, though it is still above average. The employment rate, however, is lower than the average level by almost 10 p.p. mainly because of the workforce’s low education. The levels of production value and that of investment in FTA are very low in Silistra; foreign investment is almost absent but EU funds are utilized relatively well. The district is characterized by a relatively good quality of road surfaces but first-class and generally better roads are few, while railroad connectivity is poor. Municipalities in Silistra have very low rates for the main local taxes; most of them have shown a tendency to either go down or stay unchanged. Despite considerable improvement in cadastral map coverage, the quality of administrative services remains low.

The district’s demographic indicators, like those in almost all districts, are visibly negative though Silistra has less unfavorable figures for migration than almost half the other districts. The population is among the least urbanized and even urban areas are sparsely populated. The system of school education faces serious problems in enrolling children as almost 1/5 of the age group 5th–8th grade remain away from school. Matriculation exam results are below average with a high share of failed grades. Access to healthcare services is slightly more difficult than that in the country as a whole but the monitored indicators point to no serious problems in regional healthcare. The district has one of the most efficient but not particularly busy judicial systems; crime rates are relatively low and the registered detection rate is high. Residents of the district generate a slightly below average amount of household waste, while harmful emissions are very low. Because of the particular territorial distribution of the population, the share of those connected with public sewerage and wastewater treatment plants has remained low. Interest in participation in cultural life is very low.

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