Shumen

The dynamics of both GDP per capita and of the average salary in Shumen district in recent years have been favorable though not sufficient to converge with the national averages. Poverty levels are a challenge. In 2019, unemployment was still high and employment growth relatively slow so that the difference with the best performing districts remained. The district attracts little foreign investment and is not doing very well in the utilization of European funds. Thanks to the Hemus highway and the well-developed railway system, the infrastructure assessment is good. Local taxes in the district are below the national average despite some increases in 2020, but municipalities in the country face problems with the transparency of their work.

Shumen enjoys a positive net migration rate, but the rate of natural population growth has been deteriorating in recent years, while the rate of population ageing is accelerating. The school education system encounters serious problems with its coverage, and exam results in the district, especially those after 7th grade, are a cause for concern. Access to healthcare is relatively difficult, but morbidity and infant mortality are relatively low. The population of Shumen district generates little household waste, almost all of which is handed over for treatment and recycling, but there is a significant lag in the access to public sewerage and wastewater treatment plants. The district’s cultural life owes its intensity to the high interest in museums and libraries.

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